Memorial Room of Jewish culture

Memorial Room of Jewish culture

Today's diversity of nations and religions in Daruvar can be thanked to the large migrations of the population from various parts of Europe.

The development of such opportunities brought to this area Jews from Burgenland at the beginning of the 19th century, who founded Jewish community in Daruvar in 1860. They were most numerous in the period between two World Wars, with a number of 200. Jewish families contributet greatly to the development of Daruvar. They were builders, medical practitioners, merchants, industrialists and the first founder of the savings banks in the town and surrounding area.

The Jewish Synagogue was built in 1860, parallel with the founding of the Jewish community in Daruvar, and was sanctificated in 1862. In the fifties of the last century it became the Home of Culture, and in 1993 it was redeemed and adapted by the Evangelical Pentecostal Church.

In the area of ​​the Roman Park Forest there is a protected cultural monument, a Jewish cemetery dating from the beginning of the 19th century. On the dense forest land are located 160 big and small monuments, made of stone and marble, on which inscriptions are written on Hebrew, German and Croatian. The first Jewish settlers settled the area of ​​the Ivanovo selo / Ivanovo field (Staklane) for the construction of a glass factory there. Monuments and remains from that cemetery were later transferred to the Roman park-forest. In 1973 the cemetery was recorded as a monument to the culture of the victims of fascist terror.

The historically important person, the Jew who took the "first shoot to Nazism", was from Daruvar. David Frankfurter, born in 1909 was a son of the Daruvar rabbi. Succeeding the assassination of Wilhelm Gustloff, leader of the Swiss branch of the Nazi movement in Davos, Frankfurter entered history as a fighter against Nazism. After handing over to the Swiss police and serving a prison sentence, he spent the rest of his life in Israel as an officer of the Israeli army. Today, many of the squares and streets in the world are named after him.

In memory of Daruvar Jews in Jankovic's Castle, there is a Memorial Room of Jewish Culture and Tradition, organized and decorated by the Jewish Community of Daruvar, which displays with its exhibits only a small part of Jewish cultural heritage:

- "The Aron Hakodesh"- The Ark of the Torah is a closet in which the Tore lies in the synagogue. In the oldest synagogues, the Torah ark was a portable chest, and from the 16th century it received an aesthetic and architectural framework. Torah ark is the most holy part of the synagogue, and it is protected by Parochet.

 - Parochet is a curtain made of precious, richly woven fabrics on the Torah ark. It symbolizes the curtain of the desert sanctuary and veils in front of the Sanctuary over the sanctuaries of the Temple of Jerusalem. It is made of velvet, plush, silk, satin or brocade, decorated with gold strips, ribbons and pearls with gold or silver threads that are weaved on with the name of the donor, the name of the synagogue to which the gift is donated. In the synagogue, Parochet is the largest and most beautiful decorative object.

 - Kippah is a round cap that men wear. It used to be worn all day, but today only on occasion of ceremonies and occasions when it is essential to indicate the Jewish identity. Kippah usually occurs in black color but recently, also in other colors.

 - Menorah is a candle holder with 7 arms that belongs to the ceremonial objects of the Holy Shrine - the desert-transferable shrine and the Second Jerusalem Temple. It symbolizes the Spirit of God and the Torah. In 1948 Menorah became the official emblem of the State of Israel.

 - Yad is an open-handed hand, ie a pointer used in reading Torah, because the touching of Torah rows with fingers is forbiden. Usually made of silver, but it can be made of wood or ivory.

 - Hanukkah is an osmosis candle lamp or lamp used during the Hanukkah feast celebration of the liberation of Jerusalem in the 3rd century BC. from the Greek invaders and the re-dedication of the Temple. Each day they burn one candle. The extra light, with which the others are lit, is called a SHAMASH (servant), and it serves to keep candles on her flame. The Hanukkah of Sephardic Jews are hanging, and Ashkenazes are standing.

 - Shabbat or the Sabbath is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week

 - Torah is synonymous with the Holy Scriptures, ie the Bible. It is a fundamental Jewish religious law. Torah's parts are read in the Temple and the Synagogues. Torah contains 5 books of Moses:  

1. Bereshit - (Genesis)
2. Shemot - (Exodus)
3. Vayikra - (Leviticus zakon)
4. Bemidbar - (Numbers)
5. D'varim - (Deuteronomy)

International Dark Sky Park Vrani kamen

Turn off the lights and tourn on the stars

International Dark Sky Park Vrani kamen

Tourist Webcam


Tourist webcam of Tourist board Daruvar - Papuk

Town Daruvar - central square where it all happens